Angina or chest pain is discomfort or difficulty in the chest characterized by a lack of oxygen in the heart. Angina is a kind of chest pain & basically a warning sign of heart disease. It happened by coronary artery disease(CAD), which is the build-up of plaque in the walls of arteries.
‘Angina Pectoris’ is another name for angina. Most people saying that angina feels squeezing and heavy height on their chest. It is such a kind of pain that needs to be checked by a doctor. Proper treatment can reduce the pain.
Symptom of Angina
Angina is a type of chest pain or discomfort to one’s feelings when there is not enough blood flow to one’s heart muscles. Blood carries oxygen that heart muscles need. In the chest, angina may feel like pressure or squeezing pain. The also causes of angina are white inflamed spots on tonsils, which also can be a pain in the shoulder, arm, neck, jaw, and back.
Angina may feel like dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, etc. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is another symptom of angina. The most common heart disease CAD happens when a sticky substance called plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart, reducing blood flow.
Kind of Angina
Angina should be dangerous if we don’t know about the type of angina. There are three types of angina, and their details are given below:
Firstly, The most common type of angina is Stable Angina. Usually, it occurs when the heart is working harder. Take rest and medicine can generally help the reducing of the regular pattern of stable angina.
Secondly, The most serious type of angina is Unstable Angina. It overruled the pattern and happened without any physical endeavor.
Thirdly, Cardiac syndrome X (Variant angina). It happens when one is resting. Medicines can help the reducing pain of Variant angina.
Some Explanation About Stable Angina
Stable angina or angina pectoris is a medical term for chest pain or discomfort due to poor blood flow through the blood vessels in the heart. It is important to know the basic idea about stable angina. Those are below:
- Normally it appears when you work hard. as like climb stairs or walking uphill.
- The duration of the pain is five minutes or less.
- Rest or medication may help the abate of this pain.
Some Explanation About Unstable Angina
Unstable angina causes unexpected chest pain and usually occurs while resting. And sometimes, it’s referred to as an acute disease of coronary symptom. Unstable angina will be dangerous if it doesn’t treat as an emergency.
- A little bit similar to variant angina. It also happens even taking a rest.
- It is totally unexpected.
- Medication or taking rest may not disappear that characteristic.
- It is a primary signal of a heart attack.
Some Explanation About Variant Angina
The most dangerous type of angina is variant angina. It occurs without any precaution. So, we have to know about it.
- Unexpectedly attack you when you are resting.
- It often inflicts you.
Major Risk Factors
Many types of factors are reasonable to occur angina. Angina appears silently when humans are aged. Some major risk factor of angina is given below:
- Age (≥ 45 years for men, ≥ 55 for women).
- Obesity (BMI ≥ 30).
- Heredities history of premature cardiovascular disease (men <55 years, female <65 years old).
- Kidney disease (GFR<60 mL/min).
- Physical inactivity.
- Diabetes mellitus.
- Prolonged psychological stress.
- Esophageal disorders.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
- Profound anemia.
- Uncontrolled hypertension.
- High blood pressure.
- Lack of exercise.
- Unusual fatigue.
- Family history of heart disease.
Angina can be different from man and woman. Some details are given below about man and woman angina.
Angina in Men
Men angina is a common type of anginas symptom. We need to know about the symptom, and those are given below:
- Blockage coronary arteries.
- Shortness of breath.
Angina in Women
Symptoms of woman angina and men angina aren’t the same. Women angina is critical than man angina. Some causes of women angina symptoms are given below:
- Out of breath.
- Acute chest pain.
- Abdominal pain.
Consultation With Doctor
If chest pain lasts over five minutes or above when you are resting or taking angina medicine and feel other symptoms of angina, you should never ignore it. As far as possible, consult with an expert. Night end and dawn chest pain should not ignore. Maybe it happened heart attack.
Prevention Of Angina
By leading a healthy and balanced life can prevent angina. By controlling cholesterol in the blood, Obesity (standard BMI is 18.5–24.9), Smoking, High blood pressure, Diabetes, Abating stress levels, Taking healthy food and Exercise, Drinking pure water (Drink a small amount of alcohol when wassail held) can also prevent angina.
Heat is an important part of our life. So, when we face a heart problem, we should not consult with a quack or unbred person who doesn’t know about angina. We must have consulted with an expert. Food habitation and exercise can give us a healthy life.