February 4, 2023
Cardiac Insufficiency Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Cardiac Insufficiency Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Cardiac insufficiency is mostly known as heart failure. When heart muscle’s pumping ability is reduced and leads to the heart unable to produce the power required to pump an adequate amount of blood throughout the body is known as cardiac insufficiency. It causes the organ to receive less blood, and fluid accumulates in the lungs, legs, and abdomen.

Approximately 2 million people suffer from heart failure in Germany. The risk of affecting by heart failure in men is one and half times higher than in women. About 10-20% of people are affected by it between 70-80 years old.

Causes of Cardiac Insufficiency

Cardiac insufficiency develops in the body very slowly. It is caused by left-sided cardiac insufficiency, and right-sided cardiac insufficiency is generally caused when the insufficiency affects the left and right ventricle. This left and right-sided insufficiency are known as global insufficiency.

The most common cause of cardiac insufficiency is coronary heart disease, such as heart valve disease, heart muscle inflammation, or lung disease. Some other causes of cardiac insufficiency are given below:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Valvular Heart Disease
  • Cardiomyopathy (damage to the heart muscle0
  • Myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle)
  • Congenital Diseases
  • Heart Rhythm Disorder (arrhythmias)

Cardiac Insufficiency Symptoms

Cardiac insufficiency is occurred by regular episodes with some increasing symptoms. In some cases, it may be acute without any prior history. The most common sign or symptoms of cardiac insufficiency are given below:

  • Chest pain if caused by ischemic cardiomyopathy
  • Shortness of breath
  • Inability to endure strain, tiredness, or fatigue
  • Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmias)
  • Decreased capacity for physical activity or exercise
  • Chronic cough with whitish or pinkish phlegm
  • Swelling of abdomen, legs, feet, or ankle
  • Decreased appetite
  • Nausea
  • Weight gain due to fluid retention
  • Decreased alertness or difficulty in concentrating

Cardiac Insufficiency Treatment

The symptoms of cardiac insufficiency worsen progressively. If the symptoms are developing in the body of individuals, they should visit a doctor who will refer them to a cardiologist. There is no treatment to cure cardiac insufficiency, but doctors will treat it in a planned way. The doctor will try to manage it by:

Medications For Cardiac Insufficiency

Medication is the first and most effective way to treat Cardiac Insufficiency. I have searched and read blogs about medication for Cardiac Insufficiency and listed some medication types. The doctor, such as: will suggest some common medications.

  • ACE Inhibitors
  • Beta-blockers
  • Angiotensin-2 receptor blockers,
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)
  • Diuretics
  • Ivabradine
  • Hydralazine with nitrate
  • Mineralocorticoid receptor angiotensin
  • Vasodilators
  • Digital-based drugs etc.

Conservative Treatment

Conservative treatment is a kind of treatment that is not allowed or taken for the primary stage. Conventional treatment or Conservative management of cardiac insufficiency can be done by:

  • Stopping the consumption of alcohol and tobacco
  • Being physically active in daily life
  • Having a heart-healthy diet
  • Stopping retention of the high amount of fluid and salt
  • Decreasing weight
  • Reducing the consumption of caffeine

Device Implantation

Device implantation is required for the patient with advanced heart failure. Device Implantation means using an electronic device that helps the heart run as it regularly works. Some instruments used to be implanted to treat cardiac insufficiency are:

  • Triple Chamber Pacemaker
  • Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

Cardiac Insufficiency Surgery

When ischemic cardiomyopathy causes cardiac insufficiency, the cardiologist will resolve it by applying some techniques such as:

  • Revascularization
  • Heart Transplantation
  • Ventricular Assist Device

The biggest number of people in the world are suffering from heart disease problems. Cardiac insufficiency is one of them. It is a slow process, curable disease, but the symptoms of cardiac insufficiency worsen progressively.

A healthy balanced diet and some medicine also help to solve the problem. If you feel incentive symptoms, you must counsel an expert.

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