A group of diseases that causes the heart muscle to become thick, enlarged, and rigid makes our heart muscle become harder to pump blood throughout the body, known as cardiomyopathy. This disease can lead to cardiovascular death and progressive heart failure.
An irregular heart failure and fainting may occur when someone is attacked by cardiomyopathy disease. Cardiomyopathy can be developed because of another disease also and also can be inherited from parents to offspring.
Types of Cardiomyopathy
There are some main types of cardiomyopathy. However, Cardiomyopathy is mainly classified into five different types. Those types are given below:
- Dilated Cardiomyopathy
- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
- Restrictive Cardiomyopathy
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
- Transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM)
Some other types of cardiomyopathy are
- Stress Cardiomyopathy
- Eosinophilic Myocarditis
- Ischemic Cardiomyopathy etc.
Causes of Cardiomyopathy
This disease is a systemic disorder and can be caused by various known and unknown reasons. In addition, Cardiomyopathy can be caused by other diseases of the (acquired)body and can be inherited from parents to offspring ( genetic).
Some conditions or behaviors that cause cardiomyopathy are given below:
- Hart tissue damage
- Long-term high blood pressure
- Heart valve problems
- COVID-19 infection
- Viral infections that chronic inflammation of the heart such as lupus
- Obesity, thyroid disease, or diabetes
- Lack of vitamins and minerals in the diet
- Connective tissue disorder
- Hemochromatosis( iron build up in heart muscle)
- Pregnancy complications
- Consumption of alcohol for a long time
- Use of cocaine, anabolic steroids
- Use of some chemotherapy drugs and radiation to treat cancer
- Abnormal protein builds up in the organs
- Accumulation of cholesterol filled plaque in the arteries
- Invasion of heart muscle by abnormal material or cell
Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy
There might be no symptoms in the early stages of infection. However, when a chest X-ray is performed to diagnose a condition, it may show an enlarged heart. When the condition advances, it appears some signs and symptoms. Those symptoms are given below:
- Chest discomfort and pain
- Breathlessness with mild exertion or when lying down
- Unexplained fatigue
- Swelling of the legs, feet, and ankles
- A heartbeat that feels rapid pounding, and fluttering
- Bloating the abdomen
Diagnosis of Cardiomyopathy
When someone has severe difficulty breathing, fainting chest pain, or any other symptoms related to cardiomyopathy, consult a cardiologist and go for a check. This disease can be diagnosed by:
- Physical test
- Chest X-ray
- Echocardiogram (ECG)
- Family history
- Blood test
- Genetic testing
A test called endomyocardial biopsy also may be needed. A catheter is inserted into a vein in the neck and passed down into the heart in this test. A small piece of the inner cell wall is picking up by the tip of this catheter, and this heart tissue sample is then examined under a microscope.
Treatment of Cardiomyopathy
Treatment is available for all forms of cardiomyopathy. In addition, treatment may include the suggestion of modification of lifestyle to manage the condition. Modification of lifestyle may include:
- Avoid using tobacco
- Stress management by some physical exercise and yoga
- Become physically active
- Avoiding alcohol consumption
- Controlling the heavyweight of the body
- Avoiding all kind of foods which are the reason for causing any heart or coronary artery disease
On the other, depending on the type of cardiomyopathy, the patient may suggest some medication (conservative treatment) or implanted pacemakers for slow heart rates, surgery implanted devices, heart surgery, and in severe cases, heart transplants also suggested.
Some other non-surgical procedures also run to treat cardiomyopathy. By modifying the lifestyle and having this treatment can reduce complications and prevent the disease from becoming worse.
Actually, we cannot prevent cardiomyopathy but can reduce the risk of it and other heart diseases. By living a heart-healthy life and choosing a lifestyle that can reduce the risk of it. This lifestyle may include:
- Avoiding the use of alcohol and cocaine
- Taking a healthy diet
- Regular exercise
- Controlling blood pressure, diabetes, etc.
- Enough sleep
- Stress management
Sometimes cardiomyopathy causes heart failure. It is the disease of the heart muscle, and it falls in collapse. HAs a result, the heart muscle doesn’t work properly, and blood circulation may derange. Proper treatment should be release this problem. Nutritious food habits and exercise helps to lead a good healthy heart.
Suppose you feel the symptoms of cardiomyopathy as far as possible to counsel with a doctor without delay. Then, following the instructions to take caring of a good heart will lead to a healthy and peaceful life.