Heart conditions are commonly referred to as heart disease. Heart disease is a heart condition including structural and functional abnormalities of the heart or the blood vessels supplying, other heart problems, impairing its normal functioning, or anything from the cardiovascular system.
Common Heart Condition Or Diseases
The heart is the most sensitive part of our body, called the cardiovascular system. There is always a chance of getting the cardiovascular system affected, even for a very small reason.
It’s not like heart conditions or diseases are limited only to heart failure or blood pressure problems. There are lots of diseases or heart disabilities that could happen at any time.
Heart failure describes the clinical syndrome that develops when the heart cannot maintain adequate output or can do only at the expense of elevated ventricular filling pressure. In this heart condition, the heart fails to pump blood at normal pressure.
Cardiomyopathy is also known as stress cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy is the myocardium’s primary disease, classified according to its effects on cardiac structure and function. They can be inherited or caused by infections or exposure to toxins. The heart muscle gets affected by this disease and then interferes with blood pumping.
Arrhythmia refers to an irregular heartbeat. It occurs when electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeat do not work properly. As a result, the heart may beat too fast, too slowly, or erratically. Finally affected person may notice a feeling like a fluttering or a racing heart.
There are various types of arrhythmia, including:
Tachycardia refers to a rapid heartbeat. A heart rate of more than 100 beats per mins is clinically accepted as Tachycardia (>100 beats/min).
Bradycardia means too slow a heartbeat. A slower heart beats rate of less than 60 refers to Bradycardia (<55-60 beats/min).
A heartbeat that occurs too early is called Premature Contraction. This refers to an early heartbeat.
A disease of the heart characterized by irregular and an often faster heartbeat. This is a type of irregular heartbeat. An irregular heartbeat and an often faster heartbeat are clinically called Atrial Fibrillation.
Atrial fibrillation is a heart condition that causes the heart to beat in an irregular and often rapid heartbeat. This can cause problems with blood flow and may lead to severe complications, such as stroke.
Atrial fibrillation, or A-fib, is a common disorder that involves the heart’s two upper pumping chambers. Normally, the heart beats in an even, steady pattern (rhythm).
However, during A-fib, the upper chambers of the heartbeat are fast and uneven. When this happens, the heart cannot pump blood as effectively as it should.
Also known as heart attack, myocardial infarction involves an interruption of the blood flow to the heart. This can damage or destroy part of the heart muscle. Myocardial infarction refers to the process by which areas of myocardial cells in the heart are permanently destroyed.
A loss of blood supply causes heart muscle death. It is also known as a Heart attack. The most common cause of heart attack is plaque, a blood clot, or both in a coronary artery. It can also occur if an artery suddenly narrows or spasms.
In aortic stenosis, the pulmonary valve is thick or fused and does not open properly. This makes it hard for the heart to pump blood from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery.
In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve opening is too narrow, restricting blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. It is a heart condition due to the narrowing of the aortic valve heart that cannot pump enough blood.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Artery disease develops when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become clogged with plaque. This causes them to harden and narrow. Plaque contains cholesterol and other substances. It is also known as coronary heart disease, the most common type of heart disease.
In dilated cardiomyopathy, the heart chambers become dilated, meaning that the heart muscle stretches and becomes thinner. The most common causes of dilated cardiomyopathy are prior heart attacks, arrhythmias, and toxins.
As a result, the heart becomes weaker and cannot pump blood properly. It can result in arrhythmia, blood clots in the heart, and heart failure.
The heart cannot pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the body’s organs. Cardiogenic shock occurs when the heart suddenly cants not pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the body.
The most common cause of cardiogenic shock is damage to the heart muscle from a severe heart attack.
This condition usually develops when a genetic problem affects the heart muscle. It tends to be an inherited condition. The walls of the muscle thicken, and contractions become harder.
This affects the heart’s ability to take in and pump out blood. This is the most common form of cardiomyopathy and the most common form of genetic heart disease. An abnormally thick heart muscle characterizes this disease.
Mitral Valve Regurgitation
This event occurs when the heart’s mitral valve does not close tightly enough, allowing blood to flow back into the heart.
The mitral valve has two leaflets that open and close to ensure blood flows in only one direction within the heart. However, sometimes the valve doesn’t seal completely, and blood leaks backward inside the heart- a condition called mitral regurgitation.
Congenital Heart Disease
A person with a congenital heart defect is born with a heart problem. There are many types of congenital heart defects, including:
Abnormalities in the heart that develops before birth. This most common congenital disability can alter how blood flows through the heart. Congenital heart disease can result from defects in the formation of the great vessels or arise because of anatomical changes.
These changes occur during the transition between the fetus and the newborn child. Congenital heart disease usually presents in childhood, but some patients do not present until adults live.
Abnormal Heart Valves
Valves may not open properly or may leak blood. Different types of abnormal heart valves can occur. But the most common types of abnormal heart valves are:
- Stenosis (A narrowed valve).
- Regurgitation (A leaking valve).
- Prolapse (A valve with leaflets that are bulging back).
A septal defect is a hole in the wall (septum) that separates the left and right sides of the heart. The hole allows blood to flow from the left side of the heart to the right side and vice versa.
This can put a strain on the heart and lungs and may lead to serious health problems.
ASD can be treated with surgery to close the hole. In some cases, a device called a septal occluder can be implanted to close the hole.
One of the heart valves is missing. Atresia of the heart is a rare congenital heart defect in which there is a complete absence of one or more of the heart’s valves. This results in impaired blood flow through the heart and can lead to severe complications.
Treatment for atresia of the heart typically involves surgery to repair or replace the affected valves. In some cases, a heart transplant may be necessary.
Congenital heart disease can involve major structural issues, such as the absence of a ventricle and problems with the main arteries that leave the heart.
These common heart conditions are also classified into different types. We have other articles about these heart conditions.