July 23, 2022
Most Common Heart Conditions

Most Common Heart Conditions You Should Know About

Heart conditions are commonly referred to as heart disease. Heart disease is a heart condition, including structural and functional abnormalities of the heart or the blood vessels supplying, other heart problems, impairing its normal functioning, or anything from the cardiovascular system.

Common Heart Condition Or Diseases

The heart is the most sensitive part of our body, called the cardiovascular system. There is always a chance of getting the cardiovascular system affected, even for a very small reason.

It’s not like heart conditions or diseases are limited only to heart failure or blood pressure problems. There are lots of diseases or heart disabilities that could happen at any time.

Heart Failure

Heart failure describes the clinical syndrome that develops when the heart cannot maintain adequate output or can do only at the expense of elevated ventricular filling pressure. In this heart condition, the heart fails to pump blood at normal pressure.

Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is the myocardium’s primary disease, classified according to its effects on cardiac structure and function. They can be inherited or caused by infections or exposure to toxins. The heart muscle gets affected by this disease and then interferes with blood pumping.

Angina

Angina occurs when the myocardium becomes ischemic. It is a type of chest pain caused when the heart muscle can not receive enough oxygen-rich blood; this heart condition is called Angina.

Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia refers to an irregular heartbeat. It occurs when electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeat do not work properly. As a result, the heart may beat too fast, too slowly, or erratically. Finally affected person may notice a feeling like a fluttering or a racing heart.

There are various types of arrhythmia, including:

Tachycardia

Tachycardia refers to a rapid heartbeat. A heart rate of more than 100 beats per mins is clinically accepted as Tachycardia (>100 beats/min).

Bradycardia

Bradycardia means too slow a heartbeat. A slower heart beats rated less than 60 refers to Bradycardia (<55-60 beats/min).

Premature Contractions

A heartbeat that occurs too early is called Premature Contractions. This refers to an early heartbeat.

Atrial Fibrillation

This is a type of irregular heartbeat. An irregular heartbeat and an often faster heartbeat are clinically called Atrial Fibrillation.

Atrial fibrillation is a heart condition that causes the heart to beat in an irregular and often rapid heartbeat. This can cause problems with blood flow and may lead to severe complications, such as stroke.

Myocardial Infraction

Also known as heart attack, myocardial infarction involves an interruption of the blood flow to the heart. This can damage or destroy part of the heart muscle. Myocardial infarction refers to the process by which areas of myocardial cells in the heart are permanently destroyed.

A loss of blood supply causes heart muscle death. It is also known as a Heart attack. The most common cause of heart attack is plaque, a blood clot, or both in a coronary artery. It can also occur if an artery suddenly narrows or spasms.

Aortic Stenosis

In aortic stenosis, the pulmonary valve is thick or fused and does not open properly. This makes it hard for the heart to pump blood from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery.

In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve opening is too narrow, restricting blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta. It is a heart condition due to the narrowing of the aortic valve heart that cannot pump enough blood.

Coronary Artery Disease

It develops when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become clogged with plaque. This causes them to harden and narrow. Plaque contains cholesterol and other substances. It is also known as coronary heart disease, the most common type of heart disease.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

In dilated cardiomyopathy, the heart chambers become dilated, meaning that the heart muscle stretches and thinner. The most common causes of dilated cardiomyopathy are prior heart attacks, arrhythmias, and toxins.

As a result, the heart becomes weaker and cannot pump blood properly. It can result in arrhythmia, blood clots in the heart, and heart failure.

Cardiogenic Shock

The heart cannot pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the body organs. Cardiogenic shock occurs when the heart suddenly cants not pump enough oxygen-rich blood to the body.

The most common cause of cardiogenic shock is damage to the heart muscle from a severe heart attack.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

This condition usually develops when a genetic problem affects the heart muscle. It tends to be an inherited condition. The walls of the muscle thicken, and contractions become harder.

This affects the heart’s ability to take in and pump out blood. This is the most common form of cardiomyopathy and the most common form of genetic heart disease. An abnormally thick heart muscle characterizes this disease.

Mitral Valve Regurgitation

This event occurs when the heart’s mitral valve does not close tightly enough, allowing blood to flow back into the heart.

The mitral valve has two leaflets that open and close to ensure blood flows in only one direction within the heart. However, sometimes the valve doesn’t seal completely, and blood leaks backward inside the heart- a condition called mitral regurgitation.

Atrial Fibrillation

A disease of the heart characterized by irregular and often faster heartbeat.

Atrial fibrillation or A-fib is a common disorder that involves the heart’s two upper pumping chambers. Normally, the heart beats in an even, steady pattern (rhythm).

However, during A-fib, the upper chambers of the heartbeat are fast and uneven. When this happens, the heart cannot pump blood as effectively as it should.

Congenital Heart Disease

A person with a congenital heart defect is born with a heart problem. There are many types of congenital heart defects, including:

Abnormalities in the heart that develops before birth. This most common congenital disability can alter how blood flows through the heart. Congenital heart disease can result from defects in the formation of the great vessels or arise because of anatomical changes.

These changes occur during the transition between the fetus and the newborn child. Congenital heart disease usually presents in childhood, but some patients do not present until adults live.

Abnormal Heart Valves

Valves may not open properly or may leak blood. Different types of abnormal heart valves can occur. But the most common types of abnormal heart valves are:

  • Stenosis (A narrowed valve).
  • Regurgitation (A leaking valve).
  • Prolapse (A valve with leaflets that are bulging back).

Septal Defects

A septal defect is a hole in the wall (septum) that separates the left and right sides of the heart. The hole allows blood to flow from the left side of the heart to the right side and vice versa.

This can put a strain on the heart and lungs and may lead to serious health problems.

ASD can be treated with surgery to close the hole. In some cases, a device called a septal occluder can be implanted to close the hole.

Atresia

One of the heart valves is missing. Atresia of the heart is a rare congenital heart defect in which there is a complete absence of one or more of the heart’s valves. This results in impaired blood flow through the heart and can lead to severe complications.

Treatment for atresia of the heart typically involves surgery to repair or replace the affected valves. In some cases, a heart transplant may be necessary.

Congenital heart disease can involve major structural issues, such as the absence of a ventricle and problems with the main arteries that leave the heart.

These common heart conditions are also classified into different types. We have other articles about these heart conditions.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.