Congestive Heart Failure is the condition of the heart in which the heart becomes unable to meet the need of the organ or tissues of the body for oxygen and nutrients is called congestive heart failure. In this case, the heart becomes weakened and cannot pump enough blood to circulate throughout the body.
Here the size of the heart’s main pumping chambers (left ventricle) changes in size and thickness, and that’s why the heart can’t contract and relax properly as it usually does.
Causes of Congestive Heart Failure
Sometimes congestive heart failure is the result of various diseases. These diseases can cause congestive heart failure by weakening the ability of blood pumping by the heart. The most common disease-causing congestive heart failure is given below:
- High blood pressure
- Heart vessels disorders
- High blood pressure
- Coronary artery disease
- High cholesterol
- Heart valve disease etc.
There are some other causes of congestive heart failure. Such as
- Family history
- Consumption alcohol
- Viral infections
- Abnormal heart rhythms
- Thyroids disorders
- Obstructive sleep
- Excess fluid and sodium retention
Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure
Patients with congestive heart failure will show some common symptoms similar to other heart disease. If someone carefully follows whether they have some of the symptoms given here or not, they can have a primary idea about their disease. So you should know the symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure. So, here are some common symptoms:
- Shortness of Breath
- Chest Pain
- Swelling of Legs, Feet, Ankles, and Abdomen
- Abdominal Pain
- Tiredness and Muscular Fatigue
- Loss of Appetite
- Sudden Weight Gain ( 2 kg in a week)
- Discomfort in the Upper Part of the Body
- Unexplained Coughing and Wheezing etc.
Diagnosis of Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive is a medical emergency. When a patient feels very ill and cannot breathe adequately, he must consult a doctor. To diagnose this disease, the doctor may suggest some common tests are briefly described below:
The chest X-ray is done to see the heart size and the presence and absence of fluid in the lungs.
A blood test is done to observe the complete blood count (CBC), electrolytes, glucose, and creatinine (to assess kidney function).
Electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG)
This test is done to assess the heart rate and rhythm. It also helps to see the size of the heart ventricle and blood flow to the heart muscle.
B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP)
This is done to see the shortness of breath caused by congestive heart failure or other reasons.
Ultrasound testing or Echocardiography
It is a testing of the heart recommended to observe the anatomy and the function of the heart. It also evaluates the heart valves and can look at the blood flow within the heart.
Treatment of Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive heart failure treatment aims to make the heart more efficient in flowing blood and other work done by the heart. Congestive heart failure can be treated in the following ways:
Lifestyle modification is one of the most effective treatments for any heart disease. Some diseases cause congestive heart failure, and this disease can be controlled by modifying our daily life.
Diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, and coronary artery disease cause congestive heart failure and should be controlled or treated to treat congestive heart failure patients. This can be done by changing lifestyle. Lifestyle modification can be done by:
- Heart-Healthy Diet.
- Weight Maintain
- Avoid Alcohol Consumption
- Fluid Regulation Maintain
- Physical Exercise
- Daily Physical Activity
- Avoid Tobacco and Cocaine
Medication or Pharmacology Therapy
treatment with medication may decrease the fluid within the body and circulate the blood throughout the body more effectively. Restriction of fluid and salt intake may be beneficial. Some common medicines are suggested to treat congestive heart failure. Some common diuretics are:
- Furosemide (Lasix)
Some other medications are also suggested as:
a. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACCE inhibitors) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs): this increased survival by decreasing systemic resistance. When these drugs affect cardiac performance is suggested with other drugs.
b. Beta-Blockers: It may control heart rate and increase cardiac output and ejection fraction.
c. Digoxin (Lanoxin): It also increases cardiac output and controls symptoms of congestive heart failure.
Before taking any steps on your own, you must visit a doctor. I just tried to give you some basic idea about this most serious heart condition, Congestive Heart Failure. Avoid the causes of this disease in this article, follow whether you have all the symptoms, and if possible, take primary steps to diagnosis and fast treatment.