Heart failure has become a prevalent disease in both males and females worldwide. Heart failure can occur from any condition that comprises the contractility of the heart that is systolic heart failure or interferes with the relaxation ability of the heart is diastolic heart failure.
You can know or guess whether you are affected by a Diastolic heart failure condition or not; you can study the symptoms that I’ll describe here. Causers of diastolic heart failure and some basic treatment ideas are also included in this article. Let’s move to the next.
What Is Diastolic Heart Failure?
Diastolic Heart Failure is a cause of the disabilities of the diastolic phase. The Left ventricle muscle doesn’t fill with blood properly and makes the heart unable to work; it causes Diastolic Heart Failure. It causes a lack of blood flow in the body.
This diastolic phase is when the heart relaxes and fills with blood. If you know about the ejection friction, it is normal in this situation. Research shows that diastolic heart failure is more common in women and older adults.
Causes of Diastolic Heart Failure
As we age, our heart muscle becomes stiffed less and elastic, leading to diastolic heart failure. On the other hand, there are some common causes of it. Those are below:
- High Blood Pressure: due to high blood pressure, the heart has to work harder to pump a large amount of blood throughout the body & this extra hard work leads our heart muscle to be thicker or larger, and then it becomes thickened causing diastolic heart failure.
- Diabetes: diabetes also leads to becoming the heart muscle thickened and stiffed and causes to
diastolic heart failure.
- Coronary Artery Disease: In people with coronary artery disease, the blood flow to the heart muscle is blocked or less than normal, which can cause diastolic heart failure.
- Obesity: it is also another reason to lead to diastolic heart failure because the heart muscle becomes thick and the heart has to work hard to pump blood and causes of diastolic heart failure also may be hereditary & people may be more prone to the condition if their family history had conditions, and that can cause diastolic heart failure.
Symptoms of Diastolic Heart Failure
People with diastolic heart failure have the same symptoms as systolic heart failure patients. Those are given below. If you have multiple symptoms given below, visit a doctor or specialist before it gets difficult.
- Shortness of breath
- Tiredness and weakness
- Swelling in legs, feet, ankles, and abdomen
- Irregular heartbeat
- Confusion and dizziness
- Nausea and appetite
- Pee more often at night
- Long-lasting cough and wheezing.
Diagnosis of Diastolic Heart Failure
No single diagnosis for diastolic heart failure is available. It may include several tests: to know if someone is affected by diastolic heart failure, some must undergo some examination. A doctor can ask about the medical history of the patient and will run some tests. It may include several tests, which are:
- The blood test measures kidney, liver, and thyroid function and looks for other diseases that may cause diastolic heart failure. The NT-proBNP teat helps to show if there is any heart failure.
- Chest X-ray: A common type of imaging shows an enlargement of the heart and build-up in the lungs. It can also show congestion.
- Echocardiogram: An ultrasound exam uses sound waves to take a moving image of the heart chambers.
- Electrocardiogram (EKG): It measures the heart’s electrical activity and determines if the part of the heart is damaged, enlarged or overworked. The sticky tape detects the electrical currents by 12- 15 electrodes attached to the chest, arms, and legs.
- Stress testing: It is also known as the exercise test because this test is done during exercise. It measures heart response and shows changes when the heart has to work hard.
Other imaging tests like computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging(MRI), or nuclear scan to look at the heart muscle.
Treatment of Diastolic Heart Failure
As you know the symptoms and causes of Diastolic heart failure, it’s better to know about the primary treatment of Diastolic heart failure. Therefore, I’ll try to explain the idea of treatment for Diastolic heart failure below:
- Although patients with diastolic heart failure Have less mortality than those with systolic heart failure, they also have hospitalization rates similar to systolic heart failure patients. Diastolic heart failure cannot be cured, but treatment can help ease symptoms and improve heart pumps. The treatment is based on identification, including Lifestyle modification: it reduces the risk of diastolic heart failure. So lifestyle modification is significant, and it can be done by: regular exercise, a healthy diet, reducing obesity, quitting smoking and giving up alcohol consumption, working on getting a healthy weight, etc.
- Some disease control: treating some vital conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia which may reduce the risk of diastolic heart failure
- Pharmacology therapy or medication: some medicines are also suggested for patients with diastolic heart failure, which may promote regression of the left ventricle by normalizing blood pressure. Diuretics and vasodilators are often necessary to reduce pulmonary congestion. However, caution is required to avoid excessive diuretics because they lead to stroke volume and decrease preload.
Diastolic Heart Failure patients are susceptible to volume changes and preload. Furthermore, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists eliminate extra salt and fluid but help the body keep potassium.
Therefore, heart disease has become a very vital and noticeable disease all over the world. As there is no possible treatment to be fully cured, we must be aware of this disease to prevent it, and we will be able to lead a pleasant life.