When blood flow to the part of the brain stop or get a barrier to blood flow, or is significantly reduced for any reason, heart disability is known as stroke. Blood carried oxygen to the brain.
So low volume of blood flow to the brain reduces the oxygen supply to the brain. That’s why brain cells die very quickly because of the lack of proper oxygen flow. It also causes permanent brain damage.
There are two types of stroke. One is ischemic stroke, and another is hemorrhagic stroke. In this article, we will discuss hemorrhagic stroke in brief.
Hemorrhagic Stroke Explain
Hemorrhagic Stroke is known as intracerebral hemorrhage or an ICH. When blood vessels are ruptured, blood accumulates and also ruptures around tissues; this stage of the heart is called a hemorrhagic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage.
It creates pressure on the brain, causes blood loss in the surrounding areas, and occur oxygen loss in the brain. The final stage of this type of heart discomfort is Brain Stroke.
Symptoms Of Hemorrhagic Stroke
Symptoms of hemorrhagic stroke vary from person to person, but they almost represent the same symptoms immediately after the stroke.
Vomiting, loss of balance, and sudden headache are the common symptoms of Hemorrhagic Stroke for people of every age. Here are some symptoms as follows:
- Limited or total loss of consciousness.
- Loss of balance.
- Sudden and severe headache.
- Become unable to move.
- Loss of speech or difficulty.
- Confusion or loss of alertness.
- Paralysis or numbness in any part of the side of the body.
- Inability to look at the bright light.
- Pain in the neck area.
- Changes in heartbeat and breathing.
- Difficulty swallowing.
Causes Of Hemorrhagic Stroke
A person having the following conditions is at a high risk of stroke. Medical histories and habits also may cause the stroke. Some reasons which Can cause a hemorrhagic heart attack are given below:
- A history of heart disease or stroke.
- High blood pressure.
- High level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
- Consumption of illogical drugs and alcohol.
- Genetic factors and family history.
- Previous brain aneurysm.
- A viral infection can cause inflammation like rheumatoid arthritis.
- High level of stress or anxiety.
- Exposure to air pollution.
Some other factors which cause hemorrhagic stroke are:
- Having a bleeding disorder.
- Experience head injury or physical trauma.
- A bulge in the wall of blood vessels and called a cerebral aneurysm.
Hemorrhagic Stroke Treatment
Immediate treatment of hemorrhagic stroke is required, and this treatment focuses on controlling bleeding and reducing pressure in the brain. Craniotomy surgery may be necessary for the doctors to open a small part of the brain to prevent further bleeding.
It is also needed to repair blood vessels and seal an aneurysm. The doctor will also prescribe some medications to reduce blood pressure, which will lower the pressure in the brain.
Patients who usually take blood thinners or other anti-clotting drugs may be given medications to counter their impact.
Rehabilitation Of Hemorrhagic Stroke
Rehabilitation is emergency treatment for a hemorrhagic stroke patient. This can help the patient to:
- Regain strength.
- Recover as much function as possible.
- Return to independent living.
The recovery will depend on the area of the brain affected or the amount of tissue damage. Some indications may include:
- Avoiding smoking.
- Managing bodyweight.
- Following a heart-healthy diet.
- Regular planned exercise consulting with health professionals.
- Developing regular sleeping habits.
- Rectification to help with speech, movement, and other challenges.
- Wishing support from loved ones and healthcare providers to manage mental health.
- Monitoring for new worsening symptoms.
Some medical conditions such as bleeding disorder or sickle cell disease can be treated using blood-thinning medicines such as warfarin.
- The use of recreational drugs (e.g., cocaine).
- Low level of daily activities and exercise.
- Not having a varied and healthy diet.
- A lack of sleep.
- Excess weight around the waist and abdomen.
- Cerebral Amyloid angiopathy, in which proteins collect in the brain’s blood vessels, leads to damage and risk of tears.
- Having a genetic condition where blood vessels form in the tangled web (Arteriovenous or AVMs).
Some certain risk factors occur in hemorrhagic stroke. Alcohol and drugs are also harmful factors. Keeping standard controllable blood pressure to control the risk factor.
A doctor will help the patient determine the best rehabilitation program depending on their age, overall health, and the impact of the stroke.