High Ejection Fraction is also known as Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy(HCM). Ejection fraction or EF is the measurement of the blood pumping percentage of a heart per beat. Your heart is in a good position if the EF is up to 70%. But if it becomes under 40%, that will be a problem; it means your heart is in a fatal condition.
On the contrary, if the ejection fraction is above 75%, that is also a problem. An EF level above 70% indicates severe heart disease and hypertension.
What Is High Ejection Fraction?
When the main blood chamber of your heart, means the left ventricle pumps blood more than 75%, then that can be called a high ejection fraction. You can easily measure your EF by echocardiography. It happens due to a heart valve leak. In this condition, the left ventricle walls thicken up, and the blood flow does not go in the right direction. In medical science, high ejection fraction is called Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy(HCM).
Symptoms of High Ejection Fraction
There are no specific symptoms of high EF or Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy(HCM). It happens when the left ventricle walls become thicker than normal; it can be measured as Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy(HCM) or high ejection fraction.
People with high ejection fraction have very typical lives, but in some cases, this hypertension becomes very serious and causes pathetic heart issues. Such a problem develops gradually, not instantly. People of various ages get affected by the problem.
High Ejection Fractions Symptoms:
As mentioned, there is no specific symptom of high ejection fraction, but some problems may occur during physical activity. For example:
- Chest pain
- Breathe shortness
- High blood pressure
- Heart palpitations
Heart Can Be Affected By High Ejection Fraction
High EF or Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy(HCM) affects your heart, especially thickens up the heart muscles than as usual. However, this condition puts its’ nose in the heart’s blood-pumping ability and relaxation.
Doctors identify changes in heart conditions due to Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy(HCM) or high EF. Such as:
- Septal hypotrophy means thickening the walls, which gradually causes extra pressure to pump blood and may occur in any part of the heart.
- Mitral leaflet abnormalities mean the changes in the four flaps those work together to seal the mitral valve to maintain blood flow.
- Mitral regurgitation results from the Venturi effect, a suction phenomenon that can lead to blood backflow in the heart. You can have weariness and shortness of breath as a result.
- Blood leaving problem means changes to the heart’s left ventricular outflow tract prevent blood from exiting the heart and traveling to the rest of the body.
- Arrhythmia means heart palpitations or irregular heartbeats, is a frequent side effect—a Reliable Source for HCM.
- Relaxation abnormalities mean a slow or irregular heartbeat might be brought on by the thickening of the heart muscle that develops alongside HCM.
- An adult person with heart disease may face these problems; unfortunately, a young person may face these problems too.
Causes of High Ejection Fractions
A high ejection fraction (EF) strongly predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The most common cause of a high EF is left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which is often caused by hypertension. Other causes of a high EF include valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and congenital heart disease.
Some doctors say that high ejection fraction is hereditary impulsiveness. Still, some causes are specified:
Your cardiac muscle may thicken as a result of gene mutation. More than 15 distinct genes have mutations that medical professionals have found to be potential HCM causes. HCM behaves in an authoritarian manner. A dependable source for inheritance implies that you may experience symptoms if you inherit just one gene linked to the illness. However, having the gene does not guarantee that you will develop symptoms of the condition.
You can discuss testing with a genetic counselor if you have a family history of HCM or if you already have the condition. Even if you don’t have symptoms, genetic testing may tell you whether you carry the HCM mutation or risk passing the disease on to future generations.
Due to age, you may always stress out, which causes a high ejection fraction or HCM.
High Blood Pressure
Some people always suffer from high BP problems. High blood pressure causes an increased ejection fraction.
Extreme Consumption Of Sugar or Sweets
Since high ejection fraction has no age to attack, it happens because of extreme consumption of sugar or sweets. Younger people get a tendency to take sugar or sweets, which ends in a result of high ejection fraction or HCM.
To treat High ejection fraction or HCM, doctors suggest beta and calcium channel blockers. Here you go with some antiarrhythmic medications, such as:
The ejection fraction measures how much blood your heart pumps with each beat. An average ejection fraction ranges from 50 to 70 percent. A high ejection fraction means your heart pumps a large amount of blood with each beat. Causes of an increased ejection fraction can include:
- Athletic training.
- Heart conditions such as hypertension.
- Certain medications, such as beta-blockers.
A high ejection fraction can be expected for some people. However, a high ejection fraction can signify heart problems in other cases. If you have a high ejection fraction, you must talk to your doctor to rule out any underlying heart conditions.
As it is a genetic and lifelong casual problem, patients with such problems are requested to have proper medications and treatments.