February 4, 2023
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Disease

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Disease Brief Information

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is a type of cardiomyopathy caused by the heart muscle. It’s a genetic disease caused mainly by abnormal genes in the heart muscle.

The heart chamber walls (left ventricle) become harder and thicker than normal. Reducing the amount of blood taken in and pumped out of the body with each heartbeat is called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Causes of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may often be caused by abnormal genes in the heart muscle that cause the heart muscle to grow abnormally thick and block blood flow out of the heart. It also may be genetically inherited from the parent to its offspring.

When a gene defect is present, the development of this disease varies within the family. Some people may never develop the disease despite having this gene. This disease also may be due to having high blood pressure. In some cases, the reasons which are causing hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are unknown.

Sign And Symptom of HCM

In some cases, people with HCM don’t have any signs and symptoms in the early stage but may be developed over time. Knowing these signs and symptoms is very important to diagnose HCM early. Signs and symptoms of HCM may include:

  1. Shortness of breath and chest pain, especially in exertion
  2. Fatigue
  3. Arrhythmias ( abnormal heart rhythms)
  4. Dizziness
  5. Light-headache
  6. Swelling in the legs, feet, abdomen, and veins in the neck
  7. Fainting or passing out (Syncope)
  8. Chest pain
  9. Palpitations ( fluttering in the chest )

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Diagnosis

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disease that doesn’t show any signs and symptoms at an early age. This disease can happen at any age and receive a diagnosis in middle age. 1 in every 500 people has HCM, but many are undiagnosed. For early treatment, diagnosing it after facing sigh and symptoms is necessary.

HCM may be diagnosed by depending on:

  1. Medical and family history: Knowing the medical history and any signs and symptoms of HCM, doctors will want to know if any other member of the patient’s family had been attacked with HCM, heart failure, or cardiac arrest.
  2. Physical exam: The doctor will check the heart and lungs, and a stethoscope will check the sound of the heart. The loudness, timing, and location of the heart may suggest obstructive heterotrophic cardiomyopathy.
  3. Diagnostic test: Various diagnostic test is done as an echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, cardiac MRI, genetic testing, etc.
  4. Diagnostic procedure: Confirming diagnosis or preparing for surgery may involve one or more diagnostic methods. Those are cardiac catheterization, coronary angiography, etc.

Treatment of HCM (Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy)

Treatment is done to minimize and prevent symptoms and reduce the risk of complications such as heart failure and cardiac arrest. There is no specific medication for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It includes risk identifying and follows up some indications like,

Lifestyle Changes

  • Lifestyle changes may include
  • Avoiding tobacco, cocaine
  • Stop consumption of alcohol
  • Get adequate sleep
  • Physical exercise
  • Daily physical activity
  • follow a heart-healthy diet
  • control high blood pressure and other

Medication For HCM

Some medicines are suggested to treat a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy-infected patient. Diuretics, beta-blockers, and calcium channel blockers are suggested to relieve symptoms and allow them to fill better and pump more effectively. These may have some side effects also but may help with great function.

Procedures as Needed

Some surgical and nonsurgical procedures are followed to treat HCM. Would you please follow all those procedures given below? This procedure includes:

  • Septal Myectomy,
  • Ethanol ablation,
  • Surgically implanted devices {implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD),
  • Pacemaker,
  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT)
  • Heart transplant and heart failure management according to need.

Through this discussion, we know that HCM is a genetic problem. By inheritance, it spread one to another. A small number of medicine can solve the HCM problem. But balanced lifestyle and meditation can help to reduce the HCM problem. Yoga is one of them. Moreover, some physical treatments can apply to this treatment.

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