Ischemic cardiomyopathy (CM) is a disease of the heart muscle. It is also known as myocardial infarction or coronary artery disease. Ischemic cardiomyopathy occurs when there is insufficient blood flow to the heart muscle, resulting in scar tissue formation.
This is a serious heart condition that requires maximum attention and awareness. This article contains a piece of awareness-based information on Ischemic Cardiomyopathy that everyone should know.
Causes Of Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
Reduced blood flow causes ischemic cardiomyopathy in the heart, which decreases its ability to function properly. Ischemic cardiomyopathy can be caused by coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension, and diabetes.
CAD (Coronary Artery Disease) is an obstruction of the arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. Hypertension and diabetes are both risk factors for CAD. Some other causes are obesity, family history of heart disease, smoking, alcohol consumption, etc.
Symptoms Of Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
Patients with CM can experience different symptoms according to their health condition and CM level. Generally, patients with CM experience:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Fatigue and weakness
- Dizziness, vertigo, and lightheadedness
- Palpitations (a feeling like your heart is racing or “skipped a beat”)
- Symptoms of acute coronary syndrome are similar to those that occur during a heart attack.
If you have any of these symptoms, a feeling like you’re unable to catch your breath after walking just a few steps, pain in your chest when you breathe in deeply, or discomfort in your back between the shoulder blades when lying down. You should talk to a doctor right away.
Prevention Of Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
Preventing CM is not that hard. Pursuing a healthy lifestyle will help and assist you a lot. Preventing CM is just taking care of heart health and avoiding things that may cause harm your heart in the short term or long term. These are some common facts that you may have heard before.
Smoking is one of the major causes of heart disease. So many people with heart disease have a history of smoking for a longer period. It is also often written on the packet of cigarettes that it may cause harm to your heart health.
Still, people do consume it. If you love the heart, you have to avoid smoking at any cost. Avoiding smoking will keep your heart fine and fresh. And also reduce the risk of developing heart diseases like CM.
Regular exercise will ensure proper blood flow in the body. It also helps to reduce nitrogen-base toxic substances from the blood and body. Exercising regularly also helps the heart to work properly. Fix an exercise routine by talking to a doctor or professional trainer according to your current fitness.
Foods with high carbohydrates, oil, and sugar should be avoided. Junk foods with a high glycemic index may trigger high blood pressure, hypertension, and diabetes which may cause heart diseases like CM in the long term. Taking fresh fruits, veggies, and a properly balanced diet will help and assist you greatly.
A study showed that the Asian death rate is higher than in other areas because of salt consumption. Lowering salt consumption is necessary to keep your heart working well.
Sleeping and Managing Stress
Stress and anxiety is nothing but slow poison that slowly harms our body. Panicking can cause the heart to bite faster than it should. Anxiety and stress also sometimes trigger the heart to be a bit faster. In the long term, this harms heart health and can cause diseases like CAD, CM, etc. If you cannot manage stress, please talk to professionals and seek help.
Sleeping is medicine and cures itself. Nowadays, it is one of the neglected activities in our busy lives. This is causing serious harm to our whole body, including our hearts. Heart disease like CM can be prevented by healthy sleep of 6-7 hours a day. A fixed time to sleep and to wake up keeps the body and heart working well.
Stay at a healthy weight through diet and exercise or, even better yet, by losing weight slowly through lifestyle changes like those listed above! You can do it! What’s more motivating than caring for yourself so you can live longer? That’s the reward you get from making these positive changes in your life!
Diagnosing Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
The diagnosis of ischemic cardiomyopathy may include an electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram (ECHO), cardiac MRI, myocardial perfusion scans, and nuclear imaging. Cardiomyopathy is the most common cause of heart failure, accounting for about half of all cases. It’s also a leading cause of death globally, often underdiagnosed and under-recognized by healthcare providers.
- ECG is an important diagnostic tool in patients with suspected heart disease. It can identify left ventricular hypertrophy due to an increased workload on the heart muscle. A normal ECG does not rule out a diagnosis of ischemic cardiomyopathy. For example, a patient with arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter may have normal ECGs despite having an underlying serious cardiac disease.
- ECHO can also help diagnose left ventricular hypertrophy or dysfunction, and it can detect whether there is any damage to the heart wall from previous acute episodes of chest pain caused by coronary artery spasms or thrombosis (a blood clot).
- Cardiac MRI may be used if there are signs of severe diseases, such as dilation or scarring throughout your heart muscle; this type of scan gives detailed information about how much damage has occurred over time and allows doctors to closely monitor changes in your condition over time
Ischemic cardiomyopathy is an often under-recognized condition. The symptoms of Ischemic cardiomyopathy can be difficult to recognize and differentiate from other conditions, such as heart attack and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to get a diagnosis immediately to start treatment immediately. The much quicker and early you seek professional help, the more chances of to cure increase.