February 4, 2023
All About Myocarditis

A Guide To Myocarditis: All About Myocarditis

The inflammation of the heart muscle is generally known as myocarditis. It is also known as inflammatory cardiomyopathy. The heart’s muscle and the heart’s electrical system can be affected by myocarditis. It reduces the heart’s pumping ability and causes rapid and abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia).

Causes of Myocarditis

It is unknown how many people are infected by myocarditis. In many cases, the actual cause of myocarditis is unknown, but there is some cause. Bacteria, parasites, or fungal infections also can cause myocarditis are listed below:

  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV
  • Herpes
  • Coxsackie B virus
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Parvovirus
  • Chlamydia (a common sexually transmitted disease)
  • Mycoplasma (bacteria that cause lung infection)
  • Streptococcal bacteria
  • Staphylococcal bacteria
  • Treponema (the cause of syphilis)
  • Borrelia (the cause of Lyme disease)

Some other cause of myocarditis is bellowed:

  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Drug intake spider bites
  • Wasp stings
  • Snake bites
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • The autoimmune disease also may lead to myocarditis that causes inflammation such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

Symptoms of Myocarditis

In the early stage of myocarditis, individuals may have mild or no symptoms. The symptoms of myocarditis are varied depending on the cause of it. There are some symptoms of myocarditis in serious conditions, which are given below:

  • Chest Pain
  • Rapid or abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
  • Shortness of breath at the time of rest or physical activity
  • Swelling of legs, feet, and ankles
  • Fatigue
  • Headache and body aches
  • Joint pain
  • Fever
  • Sore throat or diarrhea

When myocarditis develops in the body, children may have some symptoms as:

  • Fever
  • Fainting
  • Difficulties in breathing
  • Rapid breathing
  • Rapid or abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia)

Treatment of Myocarditis

The treatment of myocarditis depends on its source and severity. Proper treatment can reduce the severity of the disease and may help lead a quality life. Doctors will prescribe some medicines to help the heart work more easily.

  • Long-time myocarditis may be treated with corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.
  • Rest, fluid restriction, and a heart-healthy diet are also suggested by doctors.
  • Bacterially infected myocarditis is treated with antibiotic
  • Diuretic therapy to remove excess fluid from the body
  • Some cardiac medicines may be used to treat myocarditis in the acute phase, as like as beta-
    blockers, ACE inhibitors, or ARB.
  • Pacemaker implementation or defibrillation may be required.
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation may also be used for those who will be attacked with cardiac arrest.
  • The doctor will suggest a heart transplant if the heart is highly damaged.

How Dangerous Is Myocarditis?

You already know the symptoms, causes, and basic ideas about the treatment of Myocarditis. How do you feel about Myocarditis? Is it so dangerous? Myocarditis is not dangerous because this disease can usually be treated without special treatment.

So, don’t become so pathetic if you have any or many symptoms of this disease. Just have patience, and follow the basics of the treatments by taking the doctor’s or specialist’s suggestion. It will be cured soon.

Myocarditis is a disease of inflammation of the heart muscle. The maximum time it’s an automatically curable disease, but sometimes it’s harmful and may occur severe damage to the heart, which make a heart attack or heart failure. We need to take some proper steps to reduce myocarditis.

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