Heart disease is any condition that affects the heart’s structure and function and creates problems. Heart disease and different heart conditions affect the heart’s ability to work efficiently. It is better to discuss with a heart specialist who can suggest the best way to treat the condition according to plan. Knowing what is happening can help you to worry less.
What Are The Different Types Of Heart Diseases?
Heart disease is a condition that affects the heart and cardiovascular system. Common heart diseases are:
- Coronary Artery Disease.
- Genetic or Congenital Heart Disease – Valvular, Septal Defects of the Heart, Atresia.
- Heart Arrhythmias – Tachycardia, Bradycardia, Atrial Fibrillation
- Deallocated Cardiomyopathy.
- Myocardial Infarction.
- Heart Failure.
- Decreasing Deart Ejection Fraction Level.
Cardiovascular disease affects about 523 million people annually and is the leading cause of death worldwide, with 18.6 million deaths recorded due to heart disease in 2019.
It is also the leading cause of disability. The number of people with disabilities due to heart disease has more than doubled in the last 30 years.
Experts suggest that eating high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and lemons and eating less saturated fat, salt, refined sugar, and processed meats may help reduce the risk of heart disease.
Plant-based foods seem particularly beneficial for heart health, leading some to speculate that plant-based foods may provide significant protection against heart disease. Experts suggest that eating high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and lemons and eating less saturated fat, salt, refined sugar, and processed meats may help reduce the risk of heart disease.
Plant-based foods seem particularly beneficial for heart health, leading some to speculate that plant-based foods may provide significant protection against heart disease.
Different Types Of Heart Conditions
The heart is the most sensitive organ of our body. Most of the time affects so quickly. There are lots of common heart disabilities or heart conditions that affect the heart. Some different types of heart conditions and problems are given below:
- Heart Attack
- Heart Failure
- Arrhythmia (Abnormal Heart Rhythm)
- Valve Disease
- Congenital Heart Condition
- Inherited Heart Conditions
- Coronary Heart Disease
Angina is when blood supply is restricted by narrowing the arteries and causing pain and discomfort in the chest, arm, neck, stomach, or jaw. Angina is not an illness but a symptom of coronary heart disease. When we feel stressed or physically active, angina infirms that our heart is not getting enough oxygen.
A heart attack can occur when the blood supply to the part of our heart muscle is completely blocked. It is also referred to as myocardial infarction (MI). It generally happens by breaking off fatty material or by forming blood clots. This typically causes damage to the heart muscle.
When the heart fails to work efficiently is called heart failure. It happens when the heart can’t pump efficiently and the heart muscle can’t meet the body’s demand for blood and oxygen. In this case, various symptoms developed in the body as fatigue and shortness of breath.
Tow most common causes of heart failure are high blood pressure and heart attack. There is no cure, but early diagnosis, lifestyle modification, and proper medications can help the patient lead a quality life.
Arrhythmia (Abnormal Heart Rhythm)
When our heart’s electrical signals are disrupted, the heart can beat too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), or irregularly known as arrhythmia. The electrical signal of the heart muscle helps to stimulate the heartbeat.
But in this heart condition, an electrical signal is disrupted and interferes with blood flow. There are many kinds of arrhythmia. Some have no symptoms, and some can be sudden and fatal.
Heart Valve Disease
blood flow through the heart is done by opening and closing the heart valve. Problems associated with heart valves can increase the heart’s workload and cause various symptoms like shortness of breath, swollen ankles, fatigue, chest pain, etc.
Congenital Heart Conditions
when an abnormality or defect of the heart is developed with the developing fetus inside the mother’s womb, it is called a genetic heart condition. A baby may have been born with one or several heart defects, and it can be life-threatening in some babies either immediately to the newborn or over time.
Inherited Heart Conditions
Inherited heart conditions are familiar for generations because They can be passed on through the family. People can be affected by it at any age, which can be life-threatening. Someone can die suddenly without any apparent cause. These inherited heart conditions are different from congenital heart conditions.
Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease is called coronary heart disease when the heart’s blood vessels- the coronary artery is blocked or narrowed and can’t supply enough blood to the heart. It also can lead to angina or a heart attack. Coronary heart disease is the most common heart condition in Scotland.
Some other heart conditions affect our hearts. I tried to cover some of the most common heart conditions in this article to give the readers some basic ideas.